Gingivitis — an inflammation of the gums — is the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque - the soft, sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms constantly on the teeth and gums. If the plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. At this early stage in gum disease, damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected. Left untreated, however, gingivitis can become periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.
Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is when inflammation and infection destroy the tissues that support the teeth, including the gingiva (gums), the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets (alveolar bone). Gingivitis may be caused by long-term effects of plaque deposits. Plaque is a sticky material that develops on the exposed portions of the teeth, consisting of bacteria, mucus, and food debris.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Gingivitis include:
Gums become swollen, red, tender and bleed during flossing or brushing.
A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red.
There is a mouth odor along with a change of normal gum contours.
Calculus is seen on tooth surfaces.
Bleeding gums (blood on toothbrush even with gentle brushing of the teeth)
In some serious cases, pus may be present around the teeth and gums.
Some people may experience pain with chewing and teeth may be sensitive.
In another very severe cases, you may even loose the teeth.
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Daily brushing and routine dental checkups by a renowned dentist at regular intervals controls simple gingivitis. While on the other hand, severe infections may require use of antibiotics such as penicillin. If gingivitis is left untreated, it may cause serious harms to your tooth and you may even loose it.
Non-antibiotic approach for treating the underlying infection responsible for periodontal disease. After routine scaling, the dentist will apply the compound directly into the periodontal pockets and around the gum line of affected teeth. The compound quickly penetrates the plaque preferentially binding to multiple structural components in bacteria, including their toxic secretions. Laser light is then applied directly to the affected sites using a fiber optic probe. A powerful free-radical reaction destroys the targeted bacteria and the associated toxins such as collagenase.
Prevents Bleeding from Gums
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